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Saturday 14 March 2020

Say "No to Antibiotics." Part 2

This is a continuation of our discussion on why we must resist antibiotics abuse. 12. Some Side effects of antibiotics includes: Severe watery diarrhea and abdominal cramps. Allergic reaction (shortness of breath, hives, swelling of lips, face, or tongue, fainting) Rash. Vaginal itching or discharge. White patches on the tongue. 13. Antibiotics Resistance The main challenge leading to resistance by bacteria. A situation, whereby bacteria are no more killed or hindered by the antibiotics they were meant to destroyed despite destruction and damage done to our gut and entire immune system. 14. How to prevent antibiotic resistance Everyone has a role play Here are 5 things you can do to prevent antobiotic resistance: 1. Talk to your doctor. If prescribed an antibiotic, find out whether it’s likely to work for your illness. Don’t be afraid to ask your doctor if there’s something else you can take. Dr. Smarandache warns that antibiotics can cause numerous side effects, including abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting and other serious complications. In fact, in children, antibiotics are the most common cause of emergency department visits for adverse drug events, according to the CDC 2. Don’t take antibiotics to treat a virus. Using antibiotics to treat viruses, such as a cold, flu or bronchitis, can make them less effective against treating bacterial infections and can increase your risk of developing an antibiotic-resistant infection. 3. Follow your antibiotic prescription exactly as prescribed. Do not skip doses. Complete the prescribed treatment even if you begin feeling better. If treatment stops too soon, some bacteria may survive and re-infect you — and they may have developed drug resistance. 4. Don’t save your antibiotic for the next time you get sick. This may be tempting, but the leftover antibiotic may not be appropriate for your illness. If your ailment is caused by a bacterial infection, you are probably not going to have enough pills to fight the bug. This can also increase your risk of antibiotic resistance. 5. Consider non-antibiotic alternatives. Discuss over-the-counter treatment options with your doctor to reduce symptoms. Also, be sure to get enough rest and fluids. 15. What Symbiosis and Dysbiosis? Symbiosis is simply an interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association, typically to the advantage of both. What is Gut Dysbiosis It simply mean an inbalance between the good and bad bacteria in your gut. Mostly caused by overuse of antibiotics Three things happen when it occurs. 1. You lose beneficial bacteria in your gut 2. You get potentially harmful bacteria taking over your gut 3. You have less diverse bacteria in your gut Your gut microbiome (bacteria in your gut) perform many important roles. For instance, they help maintain a healthy metabolism, digest your food, make vitamin K and other essential nutrients, maintain the well-being of the lining of your gut so that infections do not cross into your blood, and make short chain fatty acids which may play a role in preventing and treating obesity, bowel disease and various cancers. The activity of gut feeling bacteria are so far-reaching, they even communicate with distant organs such as your brain. I have personally experienced this during my time of using antibiotics frequently. Most of the bacteria in your gut are actually “good bacteria”, meaning that they will not cause you any harm. The rest of the bacteria are called “opportunistic bacteria” meaning they will not cause you any harm as long as they are kept in check by the good bacteria. However, once they overrun the good bacteria, they can wreak havoc on your body and cause gut dysbiosis! 16. Signs and Symptoms of Gut Dysbiosis Gut dysbiosis causes a number of signs and symptoms. For instance, gut dysbiosis can cause the lining of your gut to become “leaky”. When the gut becomes leaky, toxins and bacteria can enter your bloodstream which can trigger a variety of symptoms such as nutrient malabsorption. Other signs and symptoms of gut dysbiosis include: Cramps Constipation Diarrhoea Heart burn Gas Bloating Food allergies, intolerance or sensitivity Inflammation Aching joints Acne Skin Rashes Psoriasis Chronic fatigue Difficulty concentrating Anxiety Depression Candida Problems with your immune system Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Allergies Asthma or other difficulties breathing Headaches Memory loss 17. Various Conditions That Have Been Linked to Gut Dysbiosis There are a variety of conditions that have been linked to gut dysbiosis. It may surprise you to see how many of these are non-gut related! These include: Irritable Bowel Syndrome Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative Colitis Type 2 diabetes Obesity Parkinson’s disease Acne Eczema Liver disease Heart disease Colorectal cancer Rheumatoid arthritis Parkinson’s disease Multiple Sclerosis Autism Depression Anxiety Stroke Thyroid disease Crohn’s disease Alcoholism Alzheimer’s disease Chronic Fatigu 18. What is probiotics Probiotics are living organisms that are found naturally in foods such as yogurt, iru, ogiri, okpei, pap, and all foods that have been deliberately kept for a few days for bacteria activity Prebiotics are considered by some to be non-digestible carbohydrates, that are not digested by the body but nourish the micro-organisms in the colon. The focus on probiotics began in 1908 when Metchnikoff reported the relationship between fermented food and longevity, explaining that intestinal microbiota develop the mucosal immune system and can prevent the invasion of infectious bacteria. Thereafter, diverse bacterial taxa were tested under various experimental conditions to determine whether probiotics could treat a variety of gut-associated diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, CDI, infectious and diarrhea. As at today, awaremess is on the increase on the role of probiotics is restoring gut flora especially during or after antibiotics treatment or exposure. In summary Antibiotics are generally administered to kill specific microorganisms; however, since most antibiotics have a wide range of effects, they also affect related microorganisms. These effects are imprinted in the intestinal environment for several months after discontinuation of the dosing.19,23,30,31 The effects of the antibiotics on the taxonomic composition of intestinal microbiota vary among individuals, and symptoms, such as reduction of the diversity of bacteria, a decrease in homology, and relative ex-cessive increases of certain species, are restored or persist. Other symptoms may also occur, depending on differences in characteristics among individuals. Antibiotic-associated diarrhea occurring in patients who take antibiotics emphasizes the importance of a balanced intestinal microbiota. The effects of antibiotics on intestinal microbiota are in fact clues to understanding which molecular substances or mechanisms each infectious bacterium can ef-fectively utilize in the changed environment in order to grow and cause disease in the host environment. Recent studies have provided information on how antibiotics can alter the intestinal environment, how harmful bacteria and beneficial bacteria react, and how pathogenic bacteria use these environments. Pathogens exploit the sugars, radicals, and oxygen occurring as a result of disruption of intestinal microbiota and the host inflammatory response. Application of FMT and probiotics for eradication of gastrointestinal diseases and enteropathogens exhibits the potential to restore the degraded ecosystem and protection against colonization and proliferation. Ref: Www. ncbo-. nlm. Www. Blog bulletproof. Com


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